The first trimester is a period when the mother’s body undergoes many physiological changes and the main organs of the fetus begin to develop. During this time, the risk of miscarriage is high, and fetal well-being is highly dependent on maternal well-being. She will find herself in the middle of a plethora of advice about what she should and shouldn’t do, much of which may not make sense. So if you are wondering what security measures you should practice, here is a short list of security measures.

Food and Beverages

Once the fetus attaches to the uterine wall, it begins to extract nutrients and oxygen from it. What you eat will not only determine your health, but also the health of your developing baby. While it’s obvious that you should eat foods rich in nutritious fiber, there are some that you should avoid or minimize.

Caffeine: Consumption of more than 300 mg of caffeine increases the risk of miscarriage.

Large fish: Although fish is a very good source of protein and omega-2s, large fish such as mackerel contain high amounts of methylmercury and should be avoided.

Raw and raw fish, eggs and meat: Pregnant women are much more prone to infections. Various bacteria such as E. coli, Listeria, and Salmonella can easily contaminate raw foods. Some of these, such as Listeria, can be passed to the fetus through the placenta. Always eat well-cooked food.

Unpasteurized milk and cheese

· Avoid alcoholic beverages.


Smoking, both active and passive, should be avoided during pregnancy. Cigarette smoke contains many harmful chemicals that can pass through the mother’s bloodstream and reach the growing baby. Smoking narrows blood vessels and reduces the oxygen supply to your baby. Even just one cigarette a day increases the risk of miscarriage, premature birth, and many birth defects, including low birth weight, stillbirth, and heart defects. So quit smoking as soon as you know you’re pregnant.


The body cannot effectively lose heat when using a hot tub, sauna, and even a steam room. This causes a significant increase in body temperature, which is not safe for the developing baby. Hot tubs should be completely avoided during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.

Physical activity

A mother’s body goes through a series of physical and hormonal changes during pregnancy. Fatigue and nausea are very common during the first few weeks. It is recommended that she get plenty of rest. Do not lift heavy objects to avoid putting unnecessary pressure on the growing baby. Women can safely continue to exercise during early pregnancy, but if you haven’t been exercising before you got pregnant, it’s a good idea to take it easy. Walking is great. However, if you have any pregnancy complications, consult your doctor before starting anything new.


If you have pets, make it a habit to wash your hands after petting animals to avoid infections such as taxoplasmosis, which can affect the fetus and cause brain damage. Wear gloves when gardening and avoid handling pet litter.


According to BabyCenter, “The amniotic sac and uterine muscles protect the baby, and a thick mucous plug seals the cervix to prevent infection.” If she has a normal pregnancy and her doctor has given her the green light, then there is no reason to refrain from a pleasurable pregnancy as long as she is comfortable.

Pregnancy is a wonderful journey. Get the most out of it by making informed and confident decisions. Take care and trust your body. It will tell you what you need and what feels bad.

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