As a potential Yorkshire Terrier buyer, one of the first decisions you need to make is determining whether a male or female dog is the best option for you.
There are certain characteristics that most male and female Yorkies will have, and knowing these characteristics will help you make the best decision.
Even if you plan to spay or neuter your Yorkshire Terrier, it is important to consider the characteristics of the male and female dogs, as they will still be present even after the procedure, although the characteristics will not be as pronounced.
Avoid the temptation to simply choose the “cutest” puppy or the older Yorkie when choosing from Yorkshire Terrier breeders, and try to determine which gender will be the best for you and your family.
One of the most obvious physical characteristics of the male dog is that it is generally larger than females of the same breed and eats more. Males are heavier, taller, and stronger than females, although this can be more of a concern in larger dog breeds. Usually the size difference will be only a few inches in height, but it can be more substantial in weight. Male dogs tend to eat significantly more food than non-pregnant females.
Teacup Yorkies, being so small, tend to eat less, but keep in mind that teacup Yorkies are not a recognized breed.
Male Yorkshire Terriers can be more aggressive and independent than female dogs. Again, this is a more important consideration in larger breeds than in smaller breeds. Some male Yorkies tend to be more difficult to handle in small, confined areas and often do not socialize well with other males. This will be particularly true if there are female dogs in the area that are in heat.
A male Yorkshire Terrier will often form a closer bond with one person, while a female dog tends to bond equally with many people.
Male Yorkshire Terrier puppies develop sexually faster than females and will show sexual tendencies at a younger age. This is a concern if there are other dogs in the home or neighborhood that could go into heat. Male dogs will tend to roam as they can smell females in heat for many miles and, if allowed, may even go off for several days in a row in search of females. Spaying your male Yorkshire Terrier will help minimize this problem.
You may find that the man becomes very possessive of the woman, even with humans. This can be a concern if you have young children at home or do not have dogs in the kennels. Also, the male can become aggressive towards the female if she is not receptive to his advances. Any pair of breeding dogs must be carefully monitored.
Male Yorkshire Terrier puppies tend to be more difficult to train than female Yorkshire Terriers, and are more independent by nature. They also tend to be more playful and require more exercise. Males can be more difficult to socialize with other animals and other dogs, and they need to begin socialization training at a young age.
Female Yorkshire Terriers tend to be smaller than male dogs of the same breed and are often less aggressive. However, a female dog protecting a litter of puppies can be just as aggressive as a male. A female Yorkshire Terrier with her first litter should be carefully monitored for the first few weeks, to see how protective she becomes with the puppies.
Females will go into heat at least twice a year for about three weeks. During this time, there will be a noticeable discharge of fluid from the female, which is designed to attract the male dog. Spaying the female Yorkshire Terrier will prevent this from happening. If the female is to be used for breeding purposes, there are products on the market designed to address this problem.
Female Yorkies tend to be less excitable and easier to train. However, they can easily become intimidated or shy if treated harshly or scolded with a harsh or angry tone of voice. Bitches tend to bond with a lot of people. In general, they can be less protective than male dogs, however, they are also easier to socialize with other animals.
Females fight other females, but tend to get along generally well with males. Usually a group of females will establish a hierarchy and they will bond with each other after the initial hierarchical order is established.
With both male and female dogs, it is important to consider the amount of time, attention, and effort that will go into training the dogs and socializing with them afterward. Both men and women require the same amount of exercise, training, nutrition, general care, and love. In addition, regular veterinary check-ups and annual vaccinations will be required for both sexes.
Deciding on a male or female Yorkshire Terrier is largely a personal decision. Unless the dog is used for breeding purposes, spaying or neutering the animal should be considered as soon as recommended by your veterinarian, to avoid unwanted pregnancies and puppies.
Remember that professional Yorkshire Terrier breeders are also a great source of knowledge.